Zambia is 10th on a global ranking of prevalence of early marriages

118

TROBBY Mapulanga, 18, seems contented. She got married last year and has a five months old baby on her back.
Her life revolves around drawing water from a near communal borehole in chief Chiwala’s area in Masaiti district.
She was only 17 when she got married last year to a man who works as a general worker at an upcoming cement plant in the district.
The girl, although has a desire to go back to school but she is not sure her husband would allow her.
As things stand, she is trapped and the world may never know what she ought to become in life.
Her wishes and dreams seem to have been cut short unless something dramatic happens.
“I stopped school because my parents could not afford paying my school fees. I now have a child and a home to look after,” she said.
She used to attend school at Lupiya School near the Zambia/Congo border.
Her story is not unique. She lives in an area comprising of 18 villages with a population of about 3000 people.
There are plenty girls like her in the community trapped in the name of marriage.
The problem of early marriages in Masaiti, and other parts of the country is rife.
When one takes a walk into densely populated communities in urban areas and as well as much of rural Zambia, it is a common feature to see little girls with babies on their backs.
For once, one would think, the babies are their siblings, but they are their off springs. It is a sad story of children with children.
Senior Chief Chiwala of the Lamba people in Masaiti, has stepped up the fight against child marriage in his chiefdom. It is an uphill battle but he is determined to win it through collaborative efforts.
He has urged his subjects not to subject their daughters into early marriage.
“I have warned all my subjects against the vice. It is very retrogressive. It is better girls stay in school in order for their future to be secured,” he said.
The traditional leader has been going round his chiefdom addressing his subjects about the value of education, saying it is the only way children would be liberated.
Child marriages, better off known as early marriages are a concern in Zambia, especially in rural areas. They are indeed a common African problem, rooted in ancient and permitted complex cultural and traditional practices, which are no doubt retrogressive.
Such practices continue to rob girls of a bright future.
Being married young, at the expense of completing school, is like bondage. The vulnerable girls often have no way of realising their potential.
The minimum legal age for marriage in Zambia is 18, and parental consent is required if a girl or boy is between 16 and 17. Anyone under 16 is a minor, and defilement of a minor is a serious offence, punishable by imprisonment of up to 25 years.
Although this is what the law dictates, the situation on the ground is different. Many do not see the value for education and the rewards that come with it due to lack of exposure in villages.
A girl would rather be given into marriage for money or bunch of animals to add to the family wealth.
Zambia has 72 known tribes and each of these tribes has their different customs and traditions. As Chief Nzamane of the Ngoni people of Eastern Province once put it, there is need for chiefs from all over the country to speak out against this practice.
But chiefs by themselves cannot end practices alone.
“We need our government to strengthen laws to prevent child marriage. We need them to take a stand and say that early marriage is not what we want for the children of Zambia,” he once said.
He is one of the chiefs, who launched a crusade against child marriages through his association Mfumbeni Development Association,
In Zambian society, child marriage is often the product of gender discrimination that values the survival, development, protection and participation of boys more highly than girls.
Without doubt, child marriage is a violation of human rights whether it happens to a girl or a boy, but currently it represents the most prevalent form of sexual abuse and exploitation of girls.
The harmful consequences of child marriage include separation from family and friends, lack of freedom to interact with peers and participate in community activities, and decreased opportunities for education. Child marriage can also result in bonded labour or enslavement, commercial sexual exploitation and violence against the victims.
Child marriage is synonymous to selling a child into slavery. Parents may consent to child marriages out of economic necessity. Marriage may thus be seen as a way to provide a male guardian for their daughter, protect them from sexual assault, avoid pregnancy outside marriage, and extend their child-bearing years. The dual legal system in Zambia has allowed child marriages to take place.
Under the customary law, once a girl attains puberty, she is assumed to be ready for marriage and with the consent of the parents, she could be married off.
In every girl or boy are dreams, but those dreams are never often realised because of oppressive conditions around them.
Motivational speaker Chongo Majariwa said the girl child needs to be given the opportunity to study in order to secure their future.
“That’s the only way.  Marriage should not be ceiling,” said Ms Majariwa, who often conducts career talks for students in Ndola.
A couple of years ago, a parliamentary committee report on sport, youth and child affairs revealed that child marriage was high in Zambia.
The country has been ranked 10th on a global ranking of prevalence of early marriages amongst girls and boys. Particularly notable is the vast gender discrepancy with 42 per cent of women aged between 20 and 24 years, married before age 18, compared to only 5 per cent of men, indicating that girls are often married to older men.
However, it is gratifying that organisations like the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and UNICEF have been working round the clock campaigning against child marriages.
For example early last year, UNFPA Zambia was identified as the lead UN Agency to support national programmes to end child marriage, including facilitating support from other donors and cooperating partners.
According to UNFP, child marriage in Zambia affects over 40 per cent of girls nationwide. It is a gross human rights violation which constitutes a
grave threat to young girls’ lives, health and future prospects – putting them at risk of violence, poverty, HIV and AIDS and complications related to pregnancy and child birth which in developing countries like Zambia are the main causes of death among 15-19 year-old girl.
A UNFPA sub-analysis of the 2007 Zambia Demographic and Health Survey indicates that on average, two out of five girls will be married
before their 18th birthday – representing about 42 per cent of women. Once Zambian teenage girls are married, only part of them (28.1 per cent) use
contraception in spite of their needs to space their child bearing time. Of them, 55.8 per cent have their demand for contraception satisfied.
The analysis further indicates that while child marriage is common in Zambia, girls living in poverty and in rural areas face a higher risk
of being married at an early age, while girls who do not have access to education are particularly vulnerable.
Ultimately, efforts of the likes of Senior Chief Chiwala and other traditional leaders need to be commended and supported.
There is need to save the girl from early marriages.

(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});

 

Times – By GETHSEMANE MWIZABI

(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});

118 COMMENTS

  1. The antioxidant effects of juices also help
    the body to detoxify and remove the toxins, fats, preservatives
    and chemicals that diets of processed foods leave behind in your body.

    You can search online for various types of Food Processors.
    Peel the pepper, cut off the top and remove the seeds and membrane.

  2. In every company, there will always be some downsides.
    As mentioned earlier, Visalus seriously isn’t a gimmick.
    For anybody who is scanning this report, I would guess that you are looking
    to register with Visalus and so are searching around
    for reputable information about Visalus Sciences.

  3. However, this leaves a scar, but in certain situations, the long part of the scar can be avoided.
    Gynecomastia Surgery Price Gynecomastia, commonly
    referred to as ‘man boobs’ is the situation by which breast tissues develop in man,
    to resemble that of a woman. Male enhancement pills are supplements designed to
    improve every aspect of a man’s sexual function, performance and enjoyment.

  4. BOSS Audio R1100M Riot 1100-watts Monoblock Category A/B 1 Channel 2-8 Ohm Secure
    Amplifier with Remote Subwoofer Level Control is indeed well made.

  5. t include a Meta Description or if Google feels a better description for your page
    could be given by using a web snippet, then the description shown can be
    up to 320 characters. If we were to have clear links like these in all pages
    moving the user from page to page the site is loved.
    In these total 300 words, the keyword “search engine optimization”
    appears 25 times.

  6. You might spend very little for the purchase of your food processor, but if it doesn’t accomplish the functions you
    need it to do or even worse that it breaks down in a matter of
    a few months utilizing it, after this you could end up obtaining one more unit which
    will in the end cost you more money. Better yet,
    homemade baby food is better than store bought ones. Mini
    Kitchen – Aid food processor usually has a capacity of
    two to four cups.

  7. They need results now because the loudest and least happy wing of
    the Florida booster group happens to be the newest, youngest group, those who began writing checks after the 2006 and 2008 championships.

  8. Man boobs can be a indication that the hormones are out of balance.
    Moreover, inquire together together with your physician,
    if there are different options besides the surgery.
    For this reason, it is less expensive to try other
    treatment procedures first.

  9. You’ll see bikers everywhere, including the pro’senjoy Andrew Short,
    Trey Canard, Kyle Regal, Michael Byrne aand countless others, rocking
    Fly gear. Race through all the required checkpoints in under twwo minutes and thirty
    seconds too unlock tthe chase mode. 2: To Make More,
    You Must Spend More I have yet to find a veterinary practice that doesn’t
    have at least five underleveraged facets oof their marketing
    system.

  10. To delve deeply into Hack Farm – Ville 2 is unquestionably an thrilling adventure.
    Items purchased must be identical to the items advertised.
    If you will find the possibility to get extra lives and Lollipop
    Hammers from playing other King Games, do not pass up
    the possibility to accomplish that.

  11. Good day! Do you know if they make any plugins to protect against hackers?
    I’m kinda paranoid about losing everything I’ve worked hard on. Any suggestions?

  12. We all know that eating healthy foods many times per day
    will increase your metabolism. When you’re walking out the
    gym with every muscle in your body roaring at you from the pain and you’re wondering whether you’ll even be able
    to recover in time for your next workout, you need to tell
    yourself that you can do it. It requires a lot of testosterone to get bulky – something most women are just not born with.

  13. Quindi è inutile che cominciate a dirmi che sono normali che non contano, sappiamo benissimo che non è così.

  14. Excellent way of describing, and nice piece of writing to get facts regarding my presentation topic,
    which i am going to deliver in university.

  15. When you’ve got not used a Vitamix blender, you might not be used to the sound level which is a
    result of the powerful motor that is used.

  16. Is it not better to have one food they are trying at a time than to have a weird mix of random fruits and vegetables.
    Make a few changes to your appearance to convey a
    positive image. Mini Kitchen – Aid food processor usually has a capacity of
    two to four cups.

  17. I visited multiple sites except the audio quality for audio songs existing at this site is really fabulous.

  18. Two: Tɑke into consideration yoսr local ordinances.
    Οnce you have your completed item, it simply rеmains tto
    site thеm on your property. Thre are even videos
    which you cаn follow іf you are a visual person. Fourth dаy of the sale
    օf Qinghai ѕuddenly called to saу thе staff downstairs іn my house,
    I ѕaid, ߋnly half an ɦоur to go home, Ӏ must takе each otherr at home waiting for fourr o’clock,
    Ӏ hɑd tօ leave home and othеrs, haѕ bden fast five each otheг befօrе they ϲome to.

  19. Verry good info. Lucy me I discovered your sote by chance (stumbleupon).
    I have saved it for later!

  20. Link exchange is nothing else however it is only placing the other person’s web
    site link on your page at suitable place and other person will also do same in support of you.

  21. It’s in reality a great and useful piece of information. I’m satisfied that you
    simply shared this useful information with us.
    Please stay us informed like this. Thanks for sharing.

  22. With this larger camera they also installed a microchip twice the size of the S2’s image capturing technology.
    There are now a wide variety of ways to keep in touch with your friends and family,
    such as email, instant messaging, social media sites and SMS
    messages. They are launching this new phone on the 10th of April so
    you will not have long to wait.

  23. At this moment I am going away to do my breakfast, later than having my breakfast coming again to read
    other news.

  24. Hello! Quick question that’s totally off topic.
    Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly? My site
    looks weird when browsing from my iphone4.
    I’m trying to find a theme or plugin that might be able to
    resolve this problem. If you have any suggestions,
    please share. Cheers!

  25. Fаntastiс site you have here but I waѕ wondeгing if yoou knew of any user discussiօn forums that cover thee same topics discussed here?
    I’d really lіƙe to be a part of gгoup where I
    can get feed-back from other knowledgeable people tɦat share the same interest.
    If ʏou have anyy suggestions, ρlease let me know.Cheers!|

  26. Hi, the whole thing is going perfectly here and ofcourse every one is sharing data,
    that’s truly fine, keep up writing.

  27. Thanks for sharing your info. I truly appreciate your efforts and I will be waiting for your next write ups thank you once again.

  28. The disease usually starts as an inflammatory sore on the corners of the
    mouth. But this much is certain, once a person has
    suffered through the painful and embarrassing sores
    associated with this infection, he or she will not soon forget.

    Another easy treat for dry crumbled skin is controlling your diet program.

  29. He left behind the prayer rug so that anyone clever enough would
    see the pattern and escape. • Don’t forget to check its compatibility with your building structure and the ability of the system to deliver a good sound quality which depends on the
    structure of your home. Make sure you clean your face thoroughly before moisturizing.

  30. You really make it seem so easy together with your presentation but
    I to find this topic to be actually one thing
    which I think I might by no means understand. It kind of feels too complicated and
    very huge for me. I’m taking a look ahead for your subsequent submit, I’ll attempt to get the hang of it!

  31. If you are not that thin you can always select an alternative
    workout routine. When you’re sleeping, and while you’re at work, your hard work will be paying
    off. Bodybuilding nutrition is quite simple, there are Proteins
    Carbohydrates and fats and your nutrition approach would need
    to contain balance of all, siding with slightly more protein to recover and
    gain the muscle.

  32. But when in involves rating the real educational benefit to the veteran, some
    eventually find that the educational institutions aren’t quite
    as military friendly as they tell you he is.

LEAVE A REPLY